Composting natural process of recycling biodegradable waste like kitchen waste green and brown waste in garden and backyard, wood and paper waste and residue of dead crops. The process involves various micro-organisms like bacteria, fungi breaking down of organic matter into a simpler substance, under a controlled aerobic environment. Three basic components include the greens like vegetable and fruit waste, leaves, coffee grounds which provide nitrogen. Browns like dead leaves and branches, wood which provides carbon and the right amount of water which gives appropriate moisture to perform the composting process.
There are various options available in the market which can make the composting procedure easier. You can review some of the best technologies used by visiting compostbinhq.com. Apart from the natural way of piling up the waste in open and allowing it to decompose, there are various compost systems which can be chosen like, compost bins, compost tumblers, wire or plastic collectors, wooden bins, pallet bins, creative bins, etc. You can find a wide range of these systems on www.gardeners.com.
Advantages of doing composting process at home are:
1. Reduces waste: The maximum portion of waste we generate at our household is food and yard waste. In case it is left to decompose it generates harmful methane gas which can be hazardous for our surroundings. Therefore, through this eco-friendly composting process, these wastes can be efficiently recycled into a more usable substance.
2. The compost prepared is perfect for plants, gardens, and lawns: It enriches the organic component in the soil, help plants to absorb the nutrients in a better way. By adding these manures, we can increase the capability of sandy soil to retain water. It controls the soil erosion, and the compost tea can be used as a mild weed killer.
3. Helps in conserving natural resources: Since these composts help soil retaining the water and slowly releasing it to the plant, we need not do watering very often. Hence, this precious resource is saved to be used for alternative purposes. Since the waste is used for composting within the premises of the house, we need not waste time transporting it from the home to the waste dumping areas. Therefore, fuel and energy are saved.
4. Saves on money: Since no trash has to be picked up, it saves on your trash bills.
To let the composting process be performed appropriately certain considerations should be taken care of:
• Temperature: Temperature is directly proportional to the breaking activity performed in the process. With increase metabolic rate of microbe, temperature increases, and visa verse. Maintaining the temperature at 130 Fahrenheit leads to the destruction of unwanted organisms like weeds, fly larvae. It is necessary to regulate the temperature appropriately. If it is increasing and reaches to a peak set and starts reducing, then the pile should be turned around to let oxygen in to reduce it to a required level. Microbes perform best in moist surroundings. Therefore, moisture levels should be maintained at decent levels to accelerate the process.
• The proper proportion of green and brown components: Since green ingredients generate nitrogen and brown particles generate carbon, the carbon to nitrogen ratio should be maintained 30:1. Therefore accordingly the proportion in inputs should be decided.
• Aerobic levels to be maintained: Oxygen is required by the microbes to perform the composting activity. Aerating the component by turning them periodically ensures the desired level of temperature and metabolism rate.